Saturday, December 17, 2011

Coins with Holes (Holed Coins)


Ancient Chinese "cash" coin

Americans, when asked about coins with holes in them, probably picture the old Chinese "cash" coins which are featured so prominently in Chinese-style decor.  These coins had a square-shaped hole in the center, with Chinese characters around it.  The United States has never had a coin with a hole in it, so it's not something we're used to seeing. Plenty of other countries, however, have had one or more of this type of coin (known as "holed coins" or "holey coins") in their recent history.



As far as I know, the holes put into modern foreign coins don't serve any specific purpose. They are not there to make the coins work in a particular machine, or to be easier to carry (although they would be slightly lighter than a coin without a hole). The main reason that you would make a modern coin with a hole in it (or, for that matter, with an unusual shape), besides pure decoration, is to make it more easily distinguishable (by touch and sight) from other coins in circulation.

(Putting a hole in a coin would also use less metal, which may be important when metal is needed for other uses (such as during a long war). However, coins are usually made out of the most common and least expensive metals possible (you don't want to make a $1 coin that uses $2 in metal) so I'm not aware of any examples of a country putting a hole in their coins for this reason.)

Coin from India with a large hole
Most coins that have holes in them have a relatively small hole - usually 1/4 of an inch (6.3 mm) or smaller. The hole is meant to be seen and felt, but not to be worn like a ring (wouldn't that be interesting?). The one exception I've seen is the 1 pice coin from India and Pakistan in the 1940s, which had a 3/8 inch (9.5 mm) hole in a coin that was less than 1 inch (2.5 cm) across. It gives the coin a unique look, like you could almost wear it as a ring.



Coins with holes drilled in to them
to make jewelry
On coins that intentionally have holes in them, the hole is always in the direct center of the coin, and usually the design of the coin incorporates the hole (so you don't have a hole directly in the middle of a person's head, for example). If you see a coin that has a hole near the edge, or has multiple holes (see pictures), someone has drilled a hole in the coin in order to use it for decoration or jewelry. A single hole near the edge means that the coin may have been worn on a necklace or bracelet. Two holes toward the center of the coin, such as the one pictured, indicates that it may have been used as a button on a piece of clothing. This kind of destruction makes the coin worthless to collectors.

Japan 5-yen (left) and 50-yen (right) coins
I believe that the only country currently using coins with holes is Japan, whose 5 yen and 50 yen coins both have holes in the center. They are also nearly the same size (the 5-yen is bigger), but the 50-yen coin has a reeded edge while the 5-yen has a smooth edge. The 100-yen coin is the same size as the 5-yen, but with a reeded edge; so the hole in the center helps to make the 50-yen more noticably different than the 100-yen.

Besides Japan, many countries in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Middle East have used coins with holes in the recent past, and you might be surprised by who they are. Spain added a hole to their 25-peseta coin in 1990 and kept it until switching to the euro in 2002. Hungary had a hole in their 2-filler coin, used from 1950 until 1992. Greece had holes in their 5-, 10-, and 20-lepta coins from the 1950s until the 1970s. Fiji had holes in their half-penny and penny in the 1930s through the 1950s.

Here is a list of the countries that I've found that have circulated coins with holes since 1900. This is definitely not a complete list, so I will update it when I find out about other countries. And since I bet that you readers know of examples that I haven't listed, I'm going to turn on blog comments this month - so post any countries that are missing from this list (list specific denominations and years if you can).

Countries which have had a coin with a hole since 1900:

Australia
Belgium
Belgian Congo
British West Africa
Congo
Denmark
East Africa
Egypt
Fiji
Finland
France
French Indochina
Greece
Greenland
Hungary
India
Indonesia
Japan
Laos
Lebanon
Mongolia
Morocco
Nepal
Netherlands
New Guinea
Nigeria
Norway
Pakistan
Palestine
Papua New Guinea
Philippines
Poland
Romania
Spain
Syria
Thailand
Tunisia
Turkey
Vietnam
Yugoslavia
Zambia

Looking for coins with holes to add to your collection?
Check out our Coins With Holes Set.

Update 1/1/2012: Added Lebanon
Update 1/22/2012: Added East Africa, Nepal, and Philippines
Update 3/20/2012: Added Papua New Guinea
Update 4/21/2012: Added Turkey
Update 5/14/2012: Added Nigeria
Update 7/22/2012: Added Zambia, Belgian Congo, British West Africa, Congo, French Indochina, and Poland
Update 12/9/2012: Added Greenland, Mongolia, Morocco, Netherlands, New Guinea, and Palestine
Update 12/25/2012: Added Romania, Syria, Tunisia, Vietnam, and Yugoslavia


59 comments:

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    ReplyDelete
  2. One of the coin that I like to collect. Not many people seen other coins beside Ancient China Cash coin. When I told my friends that my country, Malaysia once has a coins with holes and square coins, they're totally amazed.

    ReplyDelete
  3. I agree, it is surprising how many countries have used coins with holes in them.

    ReplyDelete
  4. In Norway and Denmark, several coins have holes. This is, in adittion to the size, a good way for people with visual impairment, to recocnize the value.

    ReplyDelete
  5. hahaha i thought holes were put there so you can put the coin on like a string or a wire to stop pickpockets from easily steeling them from a coin purse hahaha :P

    ReplyDelete
  6. Poland 2003 2 zloty

    http://i.ucoin.net/coin/34/345/34531_2/poland_2_polish_zlote_2003.jpg

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Wydaje mi się że to chyba nie obiegowa moneta

      Delete
  7. Zambia 1966 1 Penny

    ReplyDelete
  8. hi, that 'ancient chinese cash coin' at the top of the article, does it have a more specific name/date etc?
    I've just found one in a box and this is the only one I've found exactly the same so far.
    Cheers

    ReplyDelete
  9. The 1-cash coins were used in China for hundreds, if not thousands of years. I don't know the exact date of the one pictured, but Numista has pictures of several dozen different coins at http://en.numista.com/catalogue/chine_empire-1.html that you could try to match up with yours.

    ReplyDelete
  10. I'm attempting to identify a foreign blank that was struck as an Australian coin in 1992. It weighs 3.8g and is magnetic with a center hole. Can anyone identify which country and denomination this planchet was intended for?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. If we assume that the planchet was intended for another world coin regularly minted in 1992, there are two that it could be: Denmark 1 krone and Japan 50 yen (at the weight you mention). But both of these are a copper-nickel mix, which is usually not magnetic. Perhaps the hole in the center is not from the original blank and was cut after the coin was minted?

      Delete
  11. Hello,

    Is there a coin that is roughly the size of a 5 yen coin that has a hole in it and can be attracted by a magnet? I need something like that for a magic trick.

    Thanks in advance.

    ReplyDelete
  12. Magnetic coins are in the minority, and the combination of holed *and* magnetic is rarer still. The France 20-centime (1941-1944), Finland 10-pennia (1943-1945), and Hungary 20-filler (1941-1944) were holed coins made of iron, which should be magnetic. A 5-yen coin is about 22mm in diameter, and these coins are between 20 and 24mm. But being so old, these might be hard to find (check eBay). The Papua New Guinea 1-kina (2005-2010) is made of steel, and is 30mm. And the Philippines 5-sentimo (1995-current) is copper-coated steel (and is magnetic) but is only 16mm (so quite a bit smaller).

    ReplyDelete
  13. Hi! How do you think, have your writting skills improved so far?

    ReplyDelete
  14. Territories/Countries occupied by Nazi Germany, as well as the German military in these places.

    5 and 10 reichskreditkassen (5 and 10 reichspfennig equivalents). Mint years 1940 and 1941.

    ReplyDelete
  15. Indeed! These coins are fantastic and I have not seen these kinds of coins yet. So thanks for the sharing.

    http://www.militarychallengecoins1.com/

    ReplyDelete
  16. Whatever the design of a coin may be, it was based on their culture and belief. Take the Chinese coins for example, the square hole symbolizes the shape of the earth, while the round hole symbolizes heaven. The ancient people have their own reasons in designing those like that, but we're all thankful that we have more things to appreciate in our generation. Since these coins are the treasures of their countries, it's a must that collectors will take care of them. They can also store them in banks and vaults to make sure that they can totally preserve the coins' quality. :)

    BankMartDirect.com

    ReplyDelete
  17. i am looking for british east africa coins... the half penny (10 cents) must be from 1947- 1952 (george Vl) . i am hoping to gtve them to my dad as a christmas present... he served there in the royal engineers (british army)... cheers... mark...

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hello, Mark. Send us a message using the Contact Us link at our Web site (www.portlandcoins.com) and we'll see if we can help.

      Delete
  18. I just bought a 5shilling (crown) coin of British South Africa, 1948.

    ReplyDelete
  19. The Rhodesian penny had a hole in it too! Please add it to your list

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Yes - check this out for images of same
      https://www.google.ca/search?q=%22rhodesian+penny%22&lr=&as_qdr=all&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ei=HH8yVayaFNXsoATKwYD4Cw&ved=0CB4QsAQ&biw=1366&bih=643

      Delete
  20. I have do disagree with the United States not having a coin with a hole in it. Kansas had a one cent sales tax coin with the center hole . .The coin was about the size of our current dime.

    ReplyDelete
  21. I have a 19?? US quarter where the tiny hole covers the last two digits of the year. The coin also has a one mark serial number which is a letter or number right next to George's curled hair on bottom; I cannot make out if it is a number or letter. Why would someone place a hole in this specific spot and why only a lone serial number? Thanks so much.

    ReplyDelete
  22. May I take it that among the countries with holed coins, the one that India produced had the largest hole?

    ReplyDelete
  23. The pennies of Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) and the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland (now Zambia, Zimbabwe and Malawi) had a hole in the middle. See this link for images of same.

    https://www.google.ca/search?q=%22rhodesian+penny%22&lr=&as_qdr=all&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ei=HH8yVayaFNXsoATKwYD4Cw&ved=0CB4QsAQ&biw=1366&bih=643

    ReplyDelete
  24. Curious if anyone knows if and/or when China stopped punching holes in their coins.

    ReplyDelete
  25. this octagon shaped copper coin which a whole in it of course...Danbury ct. And can only read(me...made in USA) that's all I can make of it?

    ReplyDelete
  26. this octagon shaped copper coin which a whole in it of course...Danbury ct. And can only read(me...made in USA) that's all I can make of it?

    ReplyDelete
  27. I have a us quarter with q hole in the middle. It was giving to me as part of my change from my local Walmart. How do you explain that since the US does not make coins with hole

    ReplyDelete

  28. COUNTRY’S USED OR HAVE HOLE COINS -
    NOT COMPLETED IF I MISS ANY THING PLZZ LET ME KNOW
    1.ALBENIA
    2.AUSTRALIA
    3.BAHAMAS
    4.BOLIVIA
    5.BURMA @
    6.BELGIUM
    7.BELGIUM CONGO
    8.BELGIUM GERMAN OCCUPATION
    9.CAMBODIA – KHMER KINGDOM OF ANGKOR
    10.CANADA
    11.CHINA – PRE REPUBLIC
    12.REPUBLIC OF CHINA
    13.COOK ISLAND
    14.DENMARK
    15.EGYPT – BRITISH OCCUPATION 1914 – 1922
    16.EGYPT – KINGDOM
    17.EAST AFRICA
    18.ESTONIA
    19.FAEROE ISLAND
    20.FIJI
    21.FINLAND
    22.FRANCE
    23.FRANCE – VICHY STATE – W.W.2 ISSUE
    24.GERMANY – NAZY OCCUPATION
    25.GREECE
    26.GREECE KINGDOM
    27.GREENLAND
    28.GUERNSEY
    29.HONG KONG
    30.HUNGARY
    31.HUTT RIVER PROVINCE – OFFICIAL ISSUE
    32INDIA – BRITISH OCCUPATION
    33.INDONESIA REP
    34.INDONESIA – DUTCH CONTROL – NETHERLAND INDIE
    35.ISLE OF MAN
    36.JAPAN
    37.KIRIBATI
    38.KOREA NORTH - @
    39.KOREA ( BEFORE NORTH AND SOUTH )
    40.KYRGYZTAN
    41.LAOS
    42.LATVIA
    43.LEBANON – FRENCH OCCUPATION – PRE 1941
    44.LEBANON – BRITISH – 1941 ISSUE
    45.LEBANON – REPUBLIC – 1955 ISSUE
    46.LUXEMBOURG
    47.MALDIVES
    48.MONGOLIA
    49.MOROCCO – FRENCH OCCUPATION - 1912 – 1927
    50.NEPAL
    51.NIGERIA
    52.NIUE
    53.NORWAY
    54.PAKISTAN
    55.PALESTINE
    56.PAPUA NEW GUINEA
    57.POLAND – GERMAN OCCUPATION
    58.POLAND REP
    59.PHILIPPINES
    60.ROMANIA
    61.SARAWAK
    62.SPAIN
    63.SYRIA - FRENCH OCCYPATION
    64.TAIWAN
    65.THAILAND
    66.TOKELAU
    67.TUNISIA – FRENCH OCCUPATION
    68.TURKY
    69.VIET NAM – NORTH
    70.VIET NAM – SOUTH
    71.YUGOSLAVIA KINGDOM
    72.ZAMBIA
    00

    DEAD NATIONS
    73.BELGIUM CONGO
    74.SOUTHERN RHODESIA
    75.RHODESIA AND NYASALAND
    76.KEDAH AND PERLIS
    77.PALAMBERG
    78.KUTCH – INDIA PRINCELY STATE
    79.KUTCH – JAI HIND ISSUE AFTER REPUBLIC INDIA
    80.HYDERABAD – INDIA PRINCELY STATE
    81.THULE – KAP YORK
    82.GERMAN EAST AFRICA
    83.NEW GUINEA
    84.EAST AFRICA AND UGANDA
    85.FRENCH INDO CHINA
    86.CONGO FREE STATE
    87.COCHIN CHINA VIETNAM
    88.TONKIN
    89.ANNAM
    ALL SO MANY GERMAN CITYS USED HOLE COINS ON WORLD WAR ONE STILL I DON’T HAVE THE EXACT NUMBER HOW MANY CITY’S USED I HAVE AROUND 12 DIFFERENT CITY COINS
    CHINES PROVINCE USED HOLE COINS IN DIFFERENT PROVINCE NAME I HAVE AROUND 21 PROVINCE ONLY THERE IS MORE CHINES PROVINCE I NEED TO GET …
    MANY COUNTRYS HAVE TOKEN COINAGE THAT NOT INCLUDED EX – ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR ISLAND ( BRITISH OCCUPATION ) ONE OF THE MOST EXPENSIVE TOKEN IN INDIAN MARKET THAT WILL COST OVER 4 LACKS ( FOR ONE TOKEN )
    THANKS … https://www.facebook.com/groups/541995379272677/?ref=bookmarks
    LOVE TO COLLECT HOLE COINS – SIBI MULLANIKADU / kmashop@yahoo.com
    this is from my collection

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  54. Greetings to you by ADIA.
    We are a France-Paris based investment company known as Avit
    Development Investment Authority working on expanding its portfolio
    globally and financing projects.
    We would be happy to fund and invest with you in any profitable
    project if you have any viable project we can finance by making mutual
    investment with you. If you are interested, kindly contact us
    on:avitinvestmentauthority2@gmail.com for more details.
    Looking forward hearing from you soonest.
    Yours truly,
    Mrs Kristina Anderson
    (Personal Assistant)
    Avit Development Investment Authority(ADIA)
    501 Avenue Montaigne,75008 Paris-France
    Paris-France.Avit Development Investment Authority (ADIA)

    ReplyDelete
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